An alternative to open surgery. Gynecologic laparoscopy uses a laparoscope to inspect inside the pelvic area of the patient. A laparoscope is a slender, lighted telescope that allows the doctor to study the inside your body. Diagnostic laparoscopy determines if you have conditions like endometriosis or fibroids. Also, be a form of treatment with miniaturized instruments, the doctor may perform a spectrum of surgeries including
- 1. Ovarian cyst removal
- 2. Tubal ligation, which is surgical contraception
- 3. Hysterectomy
- 4. Infertility evaluation
Laparoscopy usually has a quicker healing time compared to open surgery, also leaving smaller scars. Anyone from a Gynecologist, general surgeon, or another specialist might perform the procedure.
Conditions that might be diagnosed using laparoscopy include:
- • Endometriosis
- • Uterine fibroids
- • Ovarian cysts or tumors
- • Ectopic pregnancy
- • Pelvic abscess, or pus
- • Pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue
- • Infertility
- • Pelvic inflammatory disease
- • Reproductive cancers
Some types of laparoscopic treatment include:
- • Hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus
- • Removal of the ovaries
- • Removal of ovarian cysts
- • Removal of fibroids
- • Blocking blood flow to fibroids
- • Endometrial tissue ablation, which is a treatment for endometriosis
- • Adhesion removal
- • Reversal of a preventative medical procedure called tubal ligation
- • Burch procedure for incontinence
- • Vault suspension to treat a prolapsed uterus
Depending on the type of surgery, imaging tests might be needed, or your doctor might advise fasting or an enema.
Inform your doctor about all the medications you take, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements. You may also have to stop them before the procedure.
Get a friend to pick you up after the surgery or plan for a car service. You will not be let to drive yourself.
Laparoscopy is usually performed under general anesthesia. meaning you'll be completely unconscious throughout the procedure. However, you might go home on the same day.
Once asleep, a tiny tube called a catheter should be inserted to collect urine. And a small needle is used to fill the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas keeping the abdominal wall away from your organs to avoid the risk of injury.
The doctor will make a small cut in the navel and insert the laparoscope transmits images to a screen giving the doctor a clear view of your organs.
Next step depends on the type of procedure the doctor might take a look and get done. If surgery is needed, other incisions are made through which Instruments will be inserted carrying on the surgery using the laparoscope as a guide.
When the procedure is done, all instruments are taken out & the Incisions are closed using stitches and bandaged.