What a woman must know before freezing her eggs!
Egg freezing is a method that is used to save women's ability to get pregnant in future times. Egg Freezing can also be termed as Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation. The main intention of this procedure/technique is that the woman may choose to have the eggs thawed, fertilized, and transferred to the uterus as embryos to have a pregnancy in the future. Egg Freezing technique is helpful to the women who plan or want to postpone pregnancy later. The reasons for the postponement may be due to some medical reasons or social reasons like studying or employment reasons.
Freezing technique is to help to postpone the pregnancy to a future date and mainly helpful to certain groups of women like
1. Women diagnosed with Cancer
Women suffering from cancer and before undergoing Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy can get their eggs frozen and stored. Because the treatments like Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy are toxic to oocytes. So after the treatment women can have the tendency to give birth by transferring the stored eggs to the uterus.
2. Women who don’t consider Embryo Freezing.
Some Women who are against or object Embryo freezing due to the reasons related to ethical and religious; have the only option Oocyte Cryopreservation for those having tendency to give birth in the future.
3. Social Reasons
Some plans to have the children in the future for reasons like continuing their studies or want to reach their life goals or employment reasons. For those women, this technique is mostly helpful.
Egg Freezing or Mature Oocyte Cryopreservation procedure is explained in a brief. The egg retrieval process in this technique is the same as the process of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF). The procedure starts with hormone injections for several weeks to get ripen into multiple eggs. Once the oocytes are matured, final maturation induction is performed and then eggs are removed from the body by transvaginal oocyte retrieval. The whole procedure is usually conducted under Sedation. The Eggs are immediately frozen using a controlled rate and the process called Vitrification. Then whenever needed the frozen eggs are then thawed and fertilized by the injection technique called ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) and then transferred to the uterus as embryos.
After the Egg retrieval process
You can have normal activities by a week of egg retrieval. If you have the below symptoms, please contact the doctor
- • High Fever (> 101.50F)
- • Severe abdominal pain
- • If your weight is increased by about 1 Kg in 24 hours of span
- • Heavy vaginal bleeding.
- • Difficulty in urinating.
Egg Freezing - Success Rate and Age Limit
Many have questions related to the success rate and which age groups have good success rate. Here Success rate means the chances of giving birth using frozen eggs. The success rate may be varied with respect to the ages. The tendency of getting successful results for the women of age 25 years is more than the rate of the women of age 35 and above.
Egg Freezing - Risks
Yes, this procedure or technique has many risks to women while egg freezing and even at the time of giving birth. The Women who had undergone Egg freezing may have risks like uterine bleeding, Hyper ovulation, Liver failure and also have the chances of uterine, breast cancer. At the time of giving birth, the risks may include multiple pregnancies, premature delivery, pregnancy-induced High BP, and infants with low birth weight.
With a team of experts with answers. Here’s what we think you should know.
Egg freezing! What does it mean, exactly?
The process involves the stimulation of the ovaries using hormones causing them to produce multiple eggs, then retrieval of the eggs and taking them to the lab, where they will be frozen to subzero temperatures to be processed & fertilized at a future date.
Why should someone consider freezing eggs?
Although reasons highly vary. few women decide to freeze their eggs under medical reasons. For example, Cancer treatments, which can be highly toxic & damaging to the ovaries causing premature menopause. But it’s not necessarily all medical, estimated three-quarters of the women freeze their eggs because they are not ready to have children right away. Women increasingly have childbearing on hold to focus on demanding careers, mostly around the average age of 36.
Should I be worried? Is the procedure invasive and risky?
The process of retrieving eggs is no different from Vitro fertilization, or IVF.
The woman is administered with hormone injections causing the stimulation of the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. This phase involves frequent trips to the fertility clinic, about 5 times in 10 days, as the ovaries are monitored using ultrasound. Around a week or two of hormone treatments later, the eggs will be retrieved which should take about 10 minutes & is carried after under mild anesthesia or sedation. With the help of an ultrasound, the doctor maneuvers a needle through the vagina to the ovarian follicle housing the eggs. A suction device at the end of the needle retrieves the eggs.
Will the hormone make me crazy?
Not necessarily, but they sometimes result in mood swings and bloating. The hormones cause the ovaries to swell a little creating space to accommodate multiple follicles, each containing a maturing egg,”
What are my chances of having a baby at a later time if I froze my eggs now?
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the chance is about 2 to 12 percent of leading a live birth through a single frozen egg. That’s why doctors often recommend having a couple of dozen eggs frozen to maximize success. Success is based on a number of factors, from a woman’s age to the quality of her partner’s sperm.
Is a 35-year-old egg that’s been frozen really healthier than a 40-year-old egg that’s been freshly harvested?
It may be hard to believe that an egg removed from its natural state and frozen for years could more readily lead to a baby than a slightly older egg that’s remained inside your body. If you’re a woman in your early 40s, eggs that were frozen in your late 30s are your best chance of conception.